Eating Disorders and Body Image Concerns
Have you ever told yourself, "I’m not good enough… If I lose weight I’ll be happy"?
Do you think of food as "good" or "bad"? Do you avoid looking in the mirror?
Do you take hours to get ready for work or school? Do you tend to judge people
by how fat or slim they look? Do you turn toward food to cope with stress
or sadness? Do you eat to distract yourself from problems?
You’re not alone.
Due to cultural ideals of feminine beauty, young women feel a strong desire to
be thinner than their bodies naturally tend to be. As a result, they change their
eating patterns and they may develop eating disorders. The most common eating disorders
are Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia. Both eating disorders are more common among young
adults than at any other age. Below you will find information on
Anorexia Nervosa is a serious psychological and physiological disorder. Anorexia
Nervosa has the following characteristics:
The anorexic restricts eating to the point of emaciation.
The anorexic may exercise constantly and take laxatives or diuretics to
The most common ages of onset are 11 and 18, the beginning and ending of
The disorder is mostly diagnosed in the upper middle class. However, both
rich and poor can develop the disorder.
Even though anorexics are extremely thin and underweight, most insist that
they are not hungry or thin.
With psychological help about 1/3 of all anorexics get better. About 20%
die of the disorder.
Approximately 60% of all anorexics also develop bulimia.
Bulimia is binge-eating followed by self-induced vomiting or the use of laxatives.
Bulimia has the following characteristics:
The disorder usually begins in late adolescence and early adulthood.
It is not easily recognized by others because bulimics may be of normal
weight or a little overweight.
Bulimics are aware of the problem and try to keep it a secret.
Bulimics may become depressed, guilty, and disgusted with their binge-purge
cycles. Yet they will not stop the behavior.
A desire for control, competence, and independence.
Discomfort with sexual thoughts and feelings.
A desire for quick results from dieting.
Loss of approximately 30% or more of body weight leading to emaciation
Irregular or complete loss of menstrual period
Growth of fine body hair
Withdrawal and isolation
Abdominal pain due to overeating
Heart and kidney problems
Swollen salivary glands
A tear in the esophagus
guilt, self-disgust and loss of control
Loneliness and isolation
Frequent weight fluctuation
Loss of body weight
Intense fear of gaining weight
Preoccupation with food, calories, nutrition, cooking
Over concern with body weight and shape
Denial of hunger
Loss of menstruation
Binge eating followed by purging in the form of vomiting, abuse of weight
reducing substances, excessive exercising
Feeling out of control, guilty, or ashamed about eating
Overeating in reaction to emotional stress
Talk openly and freely and ask direct questions about the person's eating
Listen to what is said and treat it seriously. Do not add to the person's
guilt by nagging about eating/not eating or gossiping about the person among
Encourage the person to seek professional help.