How post head trauma characteristics may affect student participation:
Decreased attention span
Frustration with schoolwork or task performance that posed no problem before injury
Poor information retrieval
Difficulty in acquisition of new knowledge
Possibility of exhibiting inappropriate or impulsive actions
Longer processing time requirement
Lowered motivation, organization and comprehension
Difficulty with concentration and memorization
Helpful strategies for instructing students with post head trauma characteristics:
Help students to follow lectures with three steps: preview, lecture, review.
Provide lecture outlines and other handouts.
Use a multi-sensory approach when providing information to students. Increased learning
can occur when material is presented simultaneously in a variety of ways, e.g. visual
images with auditory descriptions.
Gain student's attention when highlighting significant points by using eye contact,
voice inflection, and body gesturing.
Provide concrete examples and practical applications of material whenever possible.
Review important points several times during the lecture.
Give assignments both orally and in written format to avoid confusion.
Develop a positive student-teacher relationship.
Increase one on one instruction outside of class.
Teach mnemonics for memory assistance.
From a student with a traumatic head injury, Spring 2012:
"The most helpful thing a teacher did for me was get to know me, and let me answer
some questions out loud when I couldn't organize my thoughts."